- Velebit is highly threatened by one of the most severe soil erosions in Europe . This is a major problem in the coastal part of the biosphere reservation of Velebit.
- As a result of dwindling human activity (both grazing and harvesting are gradually being abandoned), grasslands have yielded to certain types of thicket and forests only, which has in turn resulted in diminishing of biodiversity
- Stronger pressures on forestry, especially with respect to the construction of many new forest trails and roads.
- Hunting pressures are on the rise (poaching, inaccurate data on game numbers)
- Rising pressures of tourism
- Rising pressures of road transportation
- Severe tapping on water resources
- Cases of illegal picking of plants and butterflies
- Spreading of urban areas, especially along the coast, has brought more pollution risk (the Park area might end up being used for waste disposal), significant modifications made to the original landscape and damages and burying of speleological structures.
Protection of this area should be carefully planned and its biodiversity systematically monitored in order to provide the right balance between land utilisation and nature preservation.